An uneven gumline can affect the appearance of the teeth even if the teeth themselves are straight and even. Having an irregular gumline can make some teeth look too small or too large depending on the person.
Too much or too little gum tissue can cause the gums to appear uneven. Some people will have this issue present their whole lives, while others may have it develop later in life. A crooked gumline has many causes from genetics to gum disease to hormone changes during pregnancy.
But what can be done about an uneven gumline? Here are your treatment options based on what could be causing this issue!
If Your Gums Are Receding
If your gumline is uneven due to receding gum tissue, you may see areas where the gums appear to pull back from the teeth, giving some teeth a longer appearance and exposing tooth roots. A receding gumline can also be caused by:
- Brushing your teeth too aggressively
- Gum disease
- Smoking and tobacco use
You’ll need to visit your dentist to know for certain what the cause is. If your gum recession is the result of advanced gum disease, you may need a gum graft to repair missing gum tissue .
However, if the appearance of your gums is caused by aggressive brushing, switching to a softer toothbrush may be able to help.
If You Have Gummy Smile
Your uneven gums could be caused by gummy smile, a condition in which gum tissue covers too much of the teeth. Gummy smile could also be caused by the muscles in the upper lip exposing too much gum tissue when smiling, in which case, dental treatment may not be appropriate.
While gummy smile typically doesn’t affect oral health, it can be treated in a cosmetic procedure called gingival contouring, or gum contouring, which can be done with a laser to essentially reshape the gum tissue to permanently improve appearance .
If the Cause is Genetic
When uneven gums are caused by genetics, gum reshaping is usually the best treatment option to give you a smile that looks natural and healthy.
This form of cosmetic gum surgery will require that you treat any underlying issues beforehand—for instance, if you have a mild form of gum disease, it’ll need to be addressed before the procedure.
A gum contouring procedure can be done at your dentist’s office with local anesthesia and requires minimal recovery time, for some patients a few days and up to two weeks depending on your unique smile . Your dentist can let you know more about what to expect during your consultation.
Are You Experiencing Uneven Gum Tissue?
If you have uneven gums, there is treatment available to help restore your appearance based on what’s causing the issue. Your dentist can further evaluate your gums to determine how best to treat your irregular gumline and give you a beautiful smile.
Schedule an appointment with your oral healthcare professional today to learn about your options!